From the book, A History of City of Eugene Recreation by Bruce Steinmetz.
A short history of the River House.
From the book, A History of City of Eugene Recreation by Bruce Steinmetz.
A short history of the River House.
SMITH ROCK: Here’s a little secret about Smith Rock State Park: It’s typically warmer and drier than the rest of Central Oregon. The volcanic tuff spires of Smith Rock and their location in the high desert create a bit of a microclimate. This makes winter a perfect time to hike here. Crowds have thinned, trails are in great shape, and the rock walls absorb sun that is reflected back as heat. I like to hike up Misery Ridge and over the backside, to return around the base of the cliffs along the Crooked River. This route offers a great combination of epic views of the Cascade Range from the top and awe-inspiring views of the red-green-brown spires of Smith from the trail below. (Photo by Ben Moon)
THE WALLOWAS: To me, winter in the Wallowas is contemplative. One of the most beautiful, remote and peaceful parts of the state becomes even more so as the chill sets in and snow blankets the landscape. The Wallowas have 18 mountain peaks over 9,000 feet, and Hells Canyon is the deepest in North America. Simply put, it’s big country. The intrepid ones among us venture into the backcountry in winter; the rest of us are content to simply hunker down somewhere welcoming and cozy with friends and family, gazing at the massive, snowy beauty of those mountains. Do so from the Outlaw Restaurant in Joseph, the recently reborn Lostine Tavern, or Terminal Gravity Brewing in Enterprise, with a frosty, locally brewed IPA in front of you. (Photo by Leon Werdinger)
CRATER LAKE: Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States and one of the snowiest inhabited places on the planet, with an average of 44 feet of snow annually. That means a visit to Oregon’s only national park in winter is a visit to an incredibly unique landscape in its most extreme season. I love the ranger-guided snowshoe trips offered daily on winter weekends at Rim Village. On this two-hour tour, learn about how animals, plants and people survive such harsh winters. From here, the sight of the caldera swathed in snow contrasted with the surreal blue of the lake is simply magical. Don’t forget to take lots of pictures. (Photo by Ian Shive / TandemStock.com)
THE OREGON COAST: I grew up on the Oregon Coast. And while some people shy away from visiting in winter, for me, a windy and rainy day at the beach just feels like home — and if you visit during these more meditative months, I think you’ll agree. The more rugged, rockier South Coast is my favorite winter destination, where the energy of a stormy sea meets high cliffs in crashing, splashing glory. Great vistas for winter wave watching can be found in Gold Beach, in Coos County at Shore Acres State Park and Cape Arago, and around the wee town of Yachats. But up and down the Coast, you’ll find that nothing tops the energy of the shore in winter — you’ll feel it in your bones and your soul. (Photo by Dennis Frates)
PAINTED HILLS: Confession: Some wintry nights, I dream about the pie at the Sidewalk Café and More in the town of Mitchell. There’s something particularly satisfying about finding a great little eating establishment in the middle of the high desert, and for me, Eastern Oregon is about taking in incredible outdoor vistas in between visits to authentic, down-home diners. Hike the Painted Hills on the Overlook Trail or the Carroll Rim Trail to achieve a great view of the multicolored volcanic ash of the hills while earning your pie in advance. After the exertion, enjoy a home-cooked meal at Sidewalk. Then continue east to explore more of the John Day Fossil Beds National Monument, or venture west into Prineville for more authentic western dining at hot spots like Barney Prine’s Steakhouse & Saloon or Club Pioneer. (Photo by Tyler Roemer)
THE COLUMBIA RIVER GORGE: In winter the Gorge calls for a road trip. I like to pack some provisions and warm, comfortable clothes and head east from Greater Portland on the Historic Columbia River Highway. Visit Crown Point Vista House for 30-mile views of the Columbia from 700 feet above. If you’re lucky, it’ll be my favorite kind of Oregon winter day, with skies clear, wind whipping and clouds tearing by overhead. You’ll get back in your car feeling totally invigorated. Head on down the highway for short hikes without crowds at Latourell, Bridal Veil, Multnomah and Horsetail falls. End in Hood River for a late lunch at Full Sail Brewing Co. or Celilo Restaurant and Bar, followed by a little small-town boutique shopping before the journey back to Portland. Perfect day trip! (Photo by Alamy Stock)
MT. HOOD: A few years ago, I spent a winter weekend at Timberline Lodge. Not being an alpine skier, I wondered what I’d do with my time. The answer was: Explore the iconic, historic lodge, from the hand-carved newel posts in animal motifs to the exhibit about The Shining in the lobby. Snowshoe up the flanks of the magnificent mountain under a shining winter sun. Sip hot drinks in the cozy Ram’s Head Bar with a breathtaking view of snowy Mt. Hood through the expansive windows. Soak in the hot tub with the smell of subalpine fir and snow on the breeze. Sleep peacefully under a warm, wool Pendleton blanket in a room built from great Oregon conifer trees. Finally, leave rested, happy and with a fresh vision of the beauty and wonder of my home state. (Photo by Timberline Lodge)
For more fun Oregon outings check out Travel Oregon!
Author: Kim Cooper Findling
By: Wes Siler- Jan 5, 2017
Re-posted from Outside Magazine
The single most important important thing you can do to drive safely in snow, ice, and cold temperatures is to fit a set of studless winter tires to your car or truck. But even after you’ve done that, the season’s inclement weather still calls for a little knowledge, smart decision making, and common sense. I’ve driven the frozen Baltic Sea, the icy Siberian tundra, off-road in deep snow through Iceland’s mountains, and the snow-covered streets of Manhattan. Let’s make you a better winter driver.
After winter tires, the best advice I can give you is simply to stay home and avoid driving in serious weather. If it’s bad enough that driving is dangerous, then it’s probably not worth getting on the road.
How many drivers in Portland, Oregon, wish they’d heeded this advice last month? That city received just two inches of snow, yet its drivers had hundreds of crashes, were stuck in their cars for hours, and some of the worst pile ups took days to be cleared. I bet most of those who are dealing with insurance companies and impound lots right now wish they’d left their cars at home that morning, taken an alternate method of transport home that night, or just sucked it up and gotten a hotel room. Your $500 insurance deductible is about five times the price of a decent hotel room in the city.
Snow, ice, slush, rain, and even cold temperatures all conspire to reduce the friction between your tires and the roadway. You need that friction to go, stop, and turn. Lower speeds require less of that limited friction to stop and corner and will also allow you more time to make potentially life-saving decisions.
While you’re at it, increase the space between you and other vehicles as well. Instead of the usual two- to four-second following interval you use in good weather, increase that to eight to ten seconds. Again, that compensates for your car’s reduced braking ability, while increasing the time you have to react.
No matter how long you’ve had your license, you’ll benefit from practicing your winter-weather driving skills. Finding a safe place to do so is key. It will allow you to make mistakes that won’t damage your vehicle, your health, or someone else’s property. A big empty parking lot works, as does a quiet cul-de-sac or an empty field (just beware of under-snow obstacles when you’re off road). Once you’re ready, see what it feels like to accelerate, apply your brakes, and corner.
Because you’re working with reduced friction, winter weather reduces the speed with which you can accelerate and brake. Just pumping the pedals with the usual force may overwhelm the tires’ available grip, causing your wheels to starting spinning while accelerating or lock up while braking. Either scenario reduces your ability to control your vehicle. So practice gingerly applying the throttle from a dead stop, and gaining momentum without inducing wheel spin. Once you have a feel for that, practice it on an incline, which can be even harder. It’s also vital to get an idea of what it feels like to brake in slippery conditions. Practice coming to a controlled stop in as short a distance as possible.
You should also learn how to correct slides, which you can encounter going around a corner. Switch off your Traction Control and Stability Control (more on that shortly), drive in a circle of a set size at a speed below where you start sliding in a big, open area. When you’re ready, stab the gas pedal to initiate a slide. By simply looking where you want to go, you’ll naturally steer in a way that should achieve some measure of slide control. After a few fun spins, try consciously steering toward where you’re looking. The last piece in the puzzle is keeping the car balanced by holding even pressure on the gas pedal.
What you’re trying to do is help the tires regain traction, while steering the car away from obstacles and keeping it on the road. Even while your car is in a slide, the spinning tires have some effect on the car’s direction of travel. The idea is to maintain that, while allowing them to clear the slippery portion of the road, and regain traction on their own. Rapidly letting off the throttle, or applying the brakes will actually exacerbate the slide by altering the car’s weight balance, or locking the wheels.
All cars slide a little differently. Front-wheel-drive and all-wheel-drive cars tend to understeer (boring, easy to control). Rear-wheel-drive cars tend to oversteer (exciting, difficult to master). (Here’s a great explanation of how understeer and oversteer differ.) The weight distribution, tires, differentials, and electronic driver aids are other factors. It’s vital to practice slides in any car you’ll be driving regularly through winter weather, so you know what to expect, in what conditions, and how to control it.
Throughout all of this, it’s vital to also understand that winter weather conditions vary greatly. There’s different kinds of snow, different kinds of ice, and all sorts of mixes of the two, along with other factors that will change how your car behaves.
All-wheel drive differs from four-wheel drive in that it can instantaneously redirect power to any or all of your wheels in slippery conditions. But unlike a 4WD, an AWD vehicle cannot lock the speeds of the front and rear axles together.
If your car has all-wheel drive, you’ll have an easier time accelerating in slippery conditions. But AWD does not improve your car’s ability to brake or turn. And be warned: because braking and turning are more important for safety than accelerating, your ease of acceleration can lead to exaggerated confidence. It doesn’t matter how many wheels on your car are allegedly driven (when things get slippery, it’s actually just one), we all rely on the same four contact patches to slow or turn. My advice: don’t rely on the car, rely on winter tires.
The way AWD and 4WD function, and the ways in which they differ are complicated. I think we’ve done a pretty good job explaining that in detail here.
ABS keeps your wheels from locking when you slam on the brakes. This is important because, in winter weather, there’s less friction between your tires and the surface you’re driving on—and locked wheels eliminate your ability to steer. This feature does not help you stop in shorter distances. One of the most important skills you can practice in a vehicle is threshold braking, where you hold the brakes just on the edge of locking up, in order to achieve maximum stopping power. This is an advanced skill; one you should likely learn in a high performance driving school such as Skip Barber. If you don’t have the time for advanced driver training, then you’ll simply need to rely on ABS to make up for your lack of ability. You’ll feel the brake pedal pulse when they’re doing their job: this is just how ABS works.
Unlike AWD, 4WD locks the speed of the front and rear axles together, which means torque has to overcome the grip available to both axles before it can induce wheel spin. If you are driving on a consistently slippery surface (deep snow, a frozen lake, etc), then you’ll benefit from employing 4WD if your vehicle is so-equipped. But be warned: Because the front and rear axles need to spin at different speeds in corners, engaging 4WD while going fast on pavement is a bad idea and can damage your vehicle or cause you to lose control. If you are driving on a mixed surface, with patches of pavement and snow, then you should probably stick with two-wheel drive, only employing 4WD if you are stuck, or risk becoming so. Every 4WD vehicle engages its front axle differently; consult your owner’s manual and learn how your car works. Again, consult our explanation of how 4WD and AWD work if you want to learn more.
Traction control monitors wheel speeds, killing power when the driven wheels begin to spin up. This can take some of the guesswork out of winter driving; you don’t have to think so much about how much throttle to apply. If your car is less than 20 years old, it probably has TC. Leave it switched on for most winter driving, but if you get stuck and feel you may benefit from some wheel spin to get out, know how to turn it off. Here’s more on how traction control works.
You’ll find a variety of acronyms and propriety names for this technology, but it always works the same way. By using the ABS to monitor and individually adjust wheel speeds, a computer is able to help prevent the car from spinning, or otherwise going out of control. This is the most effective safety technology since the seatbelt; it delivers the non-crashiness in bad weather, or through ham-fisted driving that most people unknowingly attribute to AWD. Leave it on at all times, unless you’re practicing in safe, controlled conditions. Here’s more on how stability control works.
On most modern automatic cars, you’ll often find a button with a snowflake on it, located somewhere in the vicinity of your gear selector. It tells the transmission to pull away in second gear, rather than first. Manual drivers, you can probably learn something from this. Gears multiply an engine’s torque. In slippery conditions, first gear may apply too much torque for given traction. Each gear multiplies torque less as you shift up, so second gear may allow you to pull away, where you were just spinning your wheels in first.
If you drive a 4WD truck, you may have the ability to lock one or both differentials. Where 4WD locks the speed of the front and rear axles together, locking diffs make the speed of the wheels on the axle even. This maximizes available traction, but again, you should only use these while driving on slippery surfaces and only at low speeds. Locking your diff(s) might help you get unstuck, but don’t use them to drive around once you’re unstuck. Again, consult your owner’s manual for which button, knob, dial, or lever does what. If you’re confused about what differentials do, watch this video.
Trapped in your car for hours because drivers in Portland can’t handle two inches of snow? You might need to switch your engine off in order to conserve gas. In which case, your heat won’t work. I carry a Rumpl Down Puffy Blanket for just that purpose, but anything works.
Should your vehicle get stuck, you’ll need to excavate its driven wheels (the back wheels for a rear-wheel drive, etc.), and put something that will provide traction underneath them. Whether that’s kitty litter, your floor mats, or some rocks, you’ll need a shovel to dig your tires out first. I find a rectangular garden spade works best in snow and ice. The larger the shovel you carry, the easier it’ll be to use.
Driving to work in a pair of expensive loafers? Man, it’d be difficult to walk a mile for help if you get stuck. An old pair of serviceable, waterproof boots belongs in your trunk at all times.
There’s no need for jerry cans, just don’t let your tank get below half-full if inclement weather is expected. That way, you can avoid long lines at gas stations and wait out the dreaded traffic jams.
Carry a battery charger or one that plugs into your cigarette lighter. You wouldn’t want to get stuck in a traffic jam without the ability to complain about it on Facebook.
It’s vital to clean all accumulated snow and ice off your car before driving. It’s obvious why you need to dig out your lights and windows, but leaving snow on the roof or hood could also lead to loss of vision while driving, as it shifts due to braking, acceleration, and wind.
Day 5 of the latest ice event and possibly the hardest hitting one in 50 years. 6,000 are estimated to still be without power- down from the original 20,000 from Wednesday evening. Temps are starting to rise and actual liquid rain is falling, but the cleanup could take months. In times like this it’s great to live in a community where people come together and help where needed. Special thanks go out to all the Utility, City, County, and Emergency workers putting in extra effort to help. Also thanks to the private tree companies and individual citizens that have helped so many along the way.
The Red Cross Shelter at Spencer Butte Middle School is currently still open and is available for a warm place to stay, showers, and food. Also, other needs can be obtained (firewood, food, water, info) through the City of Eugene Shelter Information line at 541-682-5900. The shelter will remain open until Tuesday at noon, or as long as there is a need.
The River House is ,so far lucky, escaping with little damage to the garden fence.
The linked article from Outside Magazine features our long time instructor Jen Jackson who also runs the mentorship program at Sponsors, an organization in Eugene that helps the formerly incarcerated relearn life beyond prison.
As a lover of the outdoors and the happiness it can bring to one’s life; I can only guess it could do wonders for others that are lost in the negatives that have gotten them in the correctional system. The article highlights some successes and challenges in creating such a program; currently the only one in the nation.
In the spring of 2014, the High Fives Foundation gave a Winter Empowerment grant to provide the team with the tools and travel necessary for Tony Schmiesing to accomplish “The Edge of Impossible” trip to Points North Heli-Adventures in Cordova, Alaska!
This uplifting and truly inspirational video was produced to showcase the human spirit and allow Tony to accomplish the life-long goal of experiencing the weightlessness of pure Alaskan powder skiing.
Get ready for your own winter skiing adventures and pray for snow. In the words of Tony,”If you don’t try it, you’ll never know if you can can do it or not.”
I love doing a turkey in the Dutch oven. So many people end up with dry, tasteless bird when they cook a turkey. That does not happen with this recipe. When I do a turkey, it is all about taste, not looks. In fact, I carve the bird and serve it on platters, so no one even sees the finished product in the oven.
One tip is to cook your bird upside down so the breast is cooked in juices the entire time. That’s what I’ve done here. If you don’t have a Dutch oven big enough (I use a 17” extra deep Maca oven that will hold a 30 lb. bird), you can do this in a roaster oven and use a cooking back to keep the moisture in. If you do use the Dutch oven, the moisture is kept in without using a cooking bag.
Here is a list of the things you will need:
Clean out the turkey and remove the neck, gizzard, etc. that come with the bird. Stuff the main cavity of the turkey with the onions and garlic cloves.
Using ½ the stick of butter, cover the outside of the turkey. Salt and pepper the outside as well.
Take the remaining half stick of butter and add it to the chicken stock in a pan and melt the butter into the stock. Fill the large syringe (I use an epidural syringe I got from a nurse that works in labor and delivery, when that gave up the ghost, I bought a food injector syringe) with the chicken broth/butter fluid and inject the broth into all meaty parts of the bird. The skin will plump up everywhere you inject the turkey.
Add the water to the bottom of the pan, place the turkey in upside down (breast down) and cover with the fresh herbs. Don’t worry is some of the herbs fall into the water at the bottom of the pan, we use the flavored juices at the end.
Cover the oven with the lid and cook at around 350° for 3 hours using even heat (slightly more coals on top than bottom). I tend to make the oven a little hotter in the first hour of cooking and go with a lower heat for the remainder of the time. Because my oven is so deep, it takes around 25% more coals than the usual formula to get the heat I want.
The key is to use a meat thermometer to check your meat temperature. When the breast meat is at 170°, your turkey is done! Make sure you do not overcook it. When the bird is done pull it out of the oven (probably in pieces as the meat falls off the bone!) carve the meat and place it on serving platters that have a bit of an edge to them. Now, using a ladle, pour some of the juices from the pan over all the meat before serving. This will be one juicy turkey!
Checkout more dutch oven recipes and creations at DutchOvenTopia